What is a Claim? Claim[kleym]noun1.An insurance Claim is a policyholder’s request to an insurance company for restitution based on the terms of the insurance Policy. The insurance company, through an Adjuster, investigates the validity of the Claim and pays the policyholder. Share | Have A Question About This Topic? Name Email Address Message Thank you! Oops! Related Content If a Tree Falls This handy video helps you stay prepared in case a fallen tree has damaged your house. Buying Auto Insurance For Teen Drivers Tips on insuring your teen driver. Assess Your Life Insurance Needs This calculator estimates how much life insurance you would need to meet your family's needs if you were to die prematurely.